Examples of CUMSHAW
- the clerk at Calcutta airport was clearly angling for a little cumshaw on the side
- the captain slipped the customs official his customary cumshaw at the Port of Shanghai
I don’t really know what kind of history books bigots like you read.
The Great Libraries of Timbuktu? The steel metallurgy of the Haya? Dentistry? Caesarean section? Premature neonatal care? Mathematics, architecture, engineering?
I know it’s hard for a racist like you who imagines “technological advancement” to be some kind of end-all-be-all, or proof of some “inherent intelligence”. I know, I know. It’s hard to imagine, but Europeans have been drawing knowledge from everyone around them since the dawn of time. What did you think ended the Dark Ages?
Your magical (read: white supremacist) idea of a purely 'white' Rome never existed.
The Minoan culture on the island of Crete between 1500-1700 B.C.E. had a highly developed waste management system. They had very advanced plumbing and designed places to dispose of organic wastes. Knossos, the capital city, had a central courtyard with baths that were filled and emptied using terra-cotta pipes. This piping system is similar to techniques used today. They had large sewers built of stone.”
In case you needed further clarification, neither the Minoans nor other (later) Greeks were ethnically uniform. They also had the first flush toilets, dating back to 18th century B.C.E. They had flushing toilets, with wooden seats and an overhead reservoir. The Minoan royals were the last group to use flushing toilets until the re-development of that technology in 1596.
Oh, and look the Mayans had indoor plumbing, acqueducts, and pressurized water too. I mean, you can ignore that the area Mayans lived in had little to few rivers, no lakes or standing water, nor other sources of running water, while simultaneously dealing with monsoons and flooding due to one of the heaviest yearly rainfalls in the Americas.
Classic Maya even used household water filters using locally abundant limestone carved into a porous cylinder, made so as to work in a manner strikingly similar to modern ceramic water filters.
Of course, by this time millenia later none of your precious “white people” had developed any methods besides shitting in pots.
Filters for solid waste.
I love it when people bring facts to white supremacist logic.
The chemical-imbalance theory of depression — the idea that depression was caused by too little serotonin or some other such neurotransmitter within a neurosynapse sounded scientific but legitimate science rejected this notion by the 1980s. Drug companies knew this, and so too did any psychiatrist who took the time to look at the research. But we still hear about this “chemical imbalance theory” on TV drug commercials and from establishment psychiatrists. “Pseudoscientific” is a polite terms for the use of scientific-sounding language to promote unscientific realities. Less polite would be “bullshit” or “lies.” And the director of the National Institute of Mental Health now is stating, DSM, psychiatry’s diagnostic bible, lacks scientific validity. Again, this is a polite way of saying the DSM is pseudoscientific bullshit.
I read the whole interview, and I may be a new fan of Bruce Levine. Other choice quotes include:
I do want to make clear that reform has a long way to go in terms of standard treatment practices. For example, quite tragically, there is an increasing number of children — especially poor kids and foster kids — prescribed dangerous antipsychotic drugs, with the majority of these kids not even diagnosed with any psychotic condition (as Archives of General Psychiatry in 2012 reported) but are just disruptive and angry — often for damn good reason.
However, what I also wrote about in those books and in many articles is that even if you don’t care about mental health issues per se, there’s a reason to care about these issues if you care about the U.S. becoming an increasingly authoritarian society lacking economic/social justice and freedom. As, I discuss in my most recent book, Get Up, Stand Up, there are many spokes in the wheel that have increasingly pacified Americans so that they don’t fight back against injustices, and the mental health profession is one of those spokes — pathologizing and medicating rebellion.
The most obvious example is labeling rebellious kids with “oppositional defiant disorder” and medicating them. But many people who are labeled with other psychiatric disorders are essentially anti-authoritarian people who are pained by illegitimate authorities in their life; and psychiatry has kept them from gaining political consciousness by pathologizing them, and thereby kept many people, especially young people, off of democracy battlefields.
Goodbye, 100% generic “Life in ______” tumblr. Your overuse of the “When _____, [gif]” format will not be missed, as there still hundreds if not thousands of equally indistinguishable tumblrs out there.